Rules of Origin – Origin Criteria (Module 3)

Rules of Origin

This lesson describes that each free trade agreement contains a set of requirements for obtaining preferential origin, presents the two basic requirements of origin criteria: wholly obtained and substantial transformation lists the typical goods which meet the wholly obtained requirement and lists the three ways of stipulating substantial transformation. A quiz is also included to test your knowledge.


Rules of Origin – Cumulation (Module 4)

Rules of Origin

On this lesson, the learner will discover the differences between bilateral, diagonal and full cumulation concepts which are used worldwide, without promoting a specific model. The participant should appreciate the practical implications that cumulation imposes by providing an insight into the varied administrative approaches that are available. A quiz is also included to test the learner’s knowledge.


Rules of Origin – Transport Rules (Module 5)

Rules of Origin

“This module helps the learner to understand that, beside the fulfilment of the origin criteria and the procedural requirements (i.e. certification of origin), there is in most cases a third criterion to be fulfilled: the transport rules.

These rules impose an administrative requirement to prevent the circumvention and manipulation of originating goods during transport. The material also demonstrates that these rules vary.

The rules require a good to be transported directly or allow it to be transported through FTA partner territories or via a non-contracting country under certain circumstances. A quiz is also included to test your knowledge.”


Rules of Origin – Origin Certification (Module 6)

Rules of Origin

By the end of this lesson the learner should be able to list the three main elements of preferential origin legislations and know that one part is devoted to the certification of origin, describe in general who needs and issues a proof of origin in the context of preferential and non-preferential origin according to various systems for the issuance of proofs of origin, explain the characteristics of the different systems for certification of origin in the preferential and non-preferential context, and distinguish between the substantive and formal requirements to issue preferential and non-preferential proofs of origin. A quiz is also included to test your knowledge.


Rules of Origin – Origin Verification (Module 7)

Rules of Origin

This module gives an overview of the major types of verification procedures existing in the world today. It explains the major difficulties in preferential origin verification. The module provides a general description of the verification methods and lists the tasks of the practical verification processes in sequence. It explains the positive effects of a central office responsible for the coordination of verification. The module describes how risk indicators can help in the identification of potential verification targets. A quiz is also included to test your knowledge.